© 21.11.2015


The School of Knowledge is seeking a transformation of education about the war, genocide and urban / civic / cultural resistance into a universal educational model through a unique platform for knowledge transfer. A methodology that detects "early warning signs" which break through the "information noise" to train individuals and equip society with the means to prevent the escalation of future/potential conflicts over the point of no return.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is still, like the entire region which includes the former Yugoslav countries, even 20 years after the war (1992-95) suffering from its consequences, while the everyday life of all former republics is marked by the problems of overcoming the past that are reflected in the issues of justice, remembrance, denial and reconciliation.

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For decades a war of interpretation has been waged in this region. In the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with numerous special interests, it is easy to overlook the simplicity of the truth - which is clear when you consider only the facts.

As our contribution to determining the facts, as opposed to the existing political manipulation of history in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the region, we are presenting the project 'School of Knowledge: Mapping the Dayton Peace Accords.'

The education pack was prepared in several formats, taking into consideration various possibilities of presenting the lectures and their aim, and bearing in mind different target groups (students, Internet users, organizations, educational institutions, libraries, thematic conferences).





School of Knowledge: Mapping Dayton Peace Accords project can trace back its origins to 2000, when Miran Norderland and the FAMA Team obtained permission from Ambassador Richard Holbrooke and his publisher Random House to use his book “To End A War” for the creation of the FAMA Album: “The Dayton Peace Accords: Mapping Negotiations.” The objective of the project was to visualise and contextualise the road to Dayton by mappingout the U.S. Shuttle Diplomacy and Peace Proximity Talks in Dayton in a way that they could be accessible to a wide range audience.

The Bosnian war was considered “the greatest collective security failure of the West [in Europe] since the 1930s.” This is the story of how the United States led the effort to end the Bosnian war and forge the Dayton Peace Accords in 1995.

The Dayton Peace Accords is not just a peace treaty that keeps Bosnia stable and in peace; it is an opportunity to learn why and how the accords came to fruition. We hope that this Educational “Study Table” will enable you to contextualise and visualise the events that marked the end of the 20th century, and continue to shape Bosnia’s future.

Richard Holbrooke in his own words (from “To End A War” book):

Although the United States initially viewed the Balkan wars as a European problem, by mid-1995 Washington decided to launch a last, all-out negotiating effort. President Clinton decided on a strategy and assembled a U.S. Negotiations team headed by Ambassador Richard Holbrooke.

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With a travel schedule that changed every few hours, we moved so unpredictably across Europe that Washington often did not know where we were, driven by the sense that it was now all or nothing.

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It is a high-wire act without a safety net. Much work must precede the plunge into such an all-or-nothing environment. Therefore, the site for peace proximity talks had to be just right as the goals of the U.S. Negotiations were defined:

• Turn the sixty-day cease-fire into a permanent peace
• Gain agreement for a multiethnic state
• We would not legitimize Serb aggression or encourage Croat annexation

The consequences of failure are great. But when the conditions are right,[the] Dayton [model]can produce dramatic results. Dayton, therefore, has contemporary relevance because it succeeded; in short, it ended a war!




The video Documentary Animation, 17 minutes in length, is the fundamental item for mapping the Dayton Peace Accords from the beginning of war in Bosnia & Herzegovina (02.03.1992) up to 21.11.2015.



Project is based on the book by Ambassador Richard Holbrook – To End a War. The objective was to map-out complex negotiations through illustrated chronology of the events that took place in 1995 across B&H, former Yugoslavia, Western Europe and the USA – eventually materializing in the Dayton Peace Accords and ending the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Album contains textual chronology and analysis of the events visualised through hand-drawn illustrations and provides behind-the-scene insight into U.S. diplomatic efforts to end a war in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The Bosnian version of the original Album is not published as a separate edition, but it was translated and adapted for purposes of Encyclopaedia: The Siege of Sarajevo 1992-1996 . A Special edition of the Album in Bosnian was printed in November 2005 to mark the 10th anniversary of the Dayton Peace Accords and over 10,000 copies were distributed across B&H as a special supplement of Oslobodjenje.

At all stages of the siege we aimed to deal only with facts supported by the first-hand testimonies, and thus decided to include the Richard Holbrooke's book To Finish the War into our archiving project. Thanks to the author, we were permitted to use dialogues and statements of the warring parties and the international community rallied around the project of ending the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which also ended the siege of Sarajevo. This map of the negotiations is the undisputable testimony of positions and objectives of all parties involved in the process of ending the war, as well on the final decisions that resulted in the Dayton Peace Agreement. Anyone involved in the revision or denial of this agreement should be aware of the facts which lead to the signing of the agreement i.e. how the war in B&H ended. This is also an important document on the balance of power on the international diplomatic, political, and military scene at the end of the 20th century, and on the functioning of the U.S. administration within their foreign policy objectives at the time. Finally, as the educational model for contemporaries and future generations, it is an essential part of our archive collection.


‘To End A War’ – book by Richard Holbrooke, Random House, Inc., New York (1998)

Educational ‘Study Table’: Mapping the Dayton Peace Accords (2015)

FAMA Collection:

School of Knowledge: ‘Srebrenica: Mapping Genocide and Post-Genocide Society’

‘The Dayton Peace Accords: Mapping Negotiations’, FAMA Collection Album (2000)

Initialling of The Balkan Proximity Peace Talks Agreement

The Secret History of Dayton

Dialogue BiH2.0Open Policy web-portal:

Madeleine Albright speech on Bosnia-Herzegovina at the SAIS Conference on Bosnia - Washington, DC (13.05.2015)

The Guardian article: ‘Bosnia and Herzegovina: the world's most complicated system of government?’ (08.10.2014)

Photograph: Eric Miller/Reuters:Signing of the Dayton Peace Accords at the Hope Hotel inside Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, November 21, 1995.

The World Fact Book on Bosnia-Herzegovina

International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (UN-ICTY):

Office of the High Representative (OHR)

VIDEO ARCHIVES: The Defence of Bosnia (war documentary), FAOS, Filmski arhiv; Prvi mart 1992 – referendum za suverenu BiH, Federalna televizija, emisija 60 minuta; FAMA Collection – Users guide for Collection - video; Bosnia at the UN, short documentary; The Death of Yugoslavia - BBC doumentary; Robert Fisk, war documentary, 1993; Massacre de Markale 05.02.1994 (France 2 news); Srebrenica (VRS archive); Srebrenica, various footage (BBC four); AP news archive – various news footage; Mostar war footage; Bosnia war 1992-1995 (BBC2); Massacre de Trznica 28.08. 1995 (Frence 3 news); Arhivski snimci opsade Sarajeva 1992-1996 (FLASH production); Sarajevsko ratiste - Sky News1; Fall of U.N. in Bosnia, documentary; Bosnien – Die Ohnmacht Europas – arte documentary; Dayton – paraf mirovnog sporazuma za BiH (HRT arhiv); IFOR promo video; Statement on Bosnian Peace aggrement – Courtesy: William J. Clinton Presidential Library


FAMA Methodology

FAMA Collection/Methodology brings home the human scale of events, places and experiences of 91-99 period of collapse in former Yugoslavia, by communicating Collective Memory with Human Touch, standing for justice, education, knowledge, respects for human values, humanity, against ignorance, violence, war crimes, nationalism and terrorism. Using FAMA Methodology it would be easy to overlook the simplicity of the truth - which is clear when you consider only the facts.

Gallery 11/07/95, Culture of Remembrance

The first Memorial gallery in Bosnia and Herzegovina - exhibition place aiming to preserve the memory on Srebrenica tragedy and 8372 persons who tragically lost their lives during the genocide.


Producers: Suada Kapic & Tarik Samarah
Author of the project & Creative Director: Miran Norderland
Art Director: Prof. Amra Zulfikarpasic
Art Director: Davor Vidovic
Editor: Asja Hafner
Production and Team Coordinator: Lejla Hasanbegovic
Narrator: Gina Landor
Sound design and music: Sloven Anzulovic
Graphic design: VIDEOR o.d. (
Illustrator (negotiations drawings): Jelena Simic
Translator: Dika Nura Kapic
Researcher: Jasmina Murga
Production and printing: MARGO digital printing (


Special thanks to Ambassador Richard Holbrooke and his publisher Random House, Inc. New York for permission to use ‘To End A War’ book for the original FAMA Album (2000) project: ‘The Dayton Peace Accords: Mapping Negotiations’.